Modern dental prosthesis technology allows us to create prosthetics according to the highest aesthetical and functional requirements, that is why patients of our clinic do not have to choose between beauty and quality – every dental prosthetic can be both just as aesthetic as it is of high durability and quality.
What kind of tools are used in dental prosthesis nowadays?
- There is a wide variety of tools available.
- They can be chosen according to a patient’s needs, expectations and goals.
- There are two categories of dental prosthetics: fixed and removable prosthetics.
Inlays, onlays. Meant to recreate occlusal surface (or part of it) of rear teeth and in turn to protect the remaining weaker dental structures from possible fractures. These restorations are done using metal or ceramics, which can strengthen teeth by up to 75 percent. It is also important to mention that a small or medium sized dental crown restored by a ceramic onlay does not look any different aesthetically from a natural tooth.
Dental crowns. Embrace the whole tooth down to the gum line. They are laid on a damaged (fractured, cracked, worn down etc.) tooth. Dental crowns are made of equal size, colour, shape, the same as natural teeth, that is why you will be able to enjoy a natural smile. In the case of a severe dental crown defect, it is recommended to use metal ceramic prosthesis, zirconium-oxide ceramic or metal-free ceramic crowns.
Dental bridges. Used when a single or several adjacent teeth are lost. During treatment two adjacent teeth are reshaped, as for the lost tooth (or teeth), the gap is filled with a pontic tooth. Simply put, an artificial tooth bridge is attached onto abutment teeth. The dental bridge makes it possible to reacreate lost teeth functions: aesthetics, phonetics, equally distributed chewing abilities.
Implant-supported prosthesis. Used when there is not a single tooth in the patient‘s jawbone, yet he has enough bone to support implants. An implant-supported dental bridge adheres to abutments attached on the implants. In odontology nowadays it is the best option that can be offered to patients who have lost all their teeth.
Removable prosthesis (over denture)
Removable prostheses are less comfortable in comparison to fixed prostheses, however, when there is no possibility to get implants, removable dentures are the only alternative.
Dentures. When there is but a few teeth left or none at all, it is possible to recreate lost teeth both in upper and lower jawbones through dentures. They adhere to alveolar bone and gums, this way the patient can chew, smile, speak, his facial profile looks much better than without teeth.
Elastic dentures. They are flexible, durable, virtually invisible and stay firmer in the mouth. These types of dentures are made with a soft elastic base, look better aesthetically in comparison with traditional dentures and are more comfortable.
Partial denture prosthesis. They have narrow and very thin metal framework: palatal – in the maxillary jawbone, lingual – in the mandibular arch. Prostheses are fixed onto remaining teeth with clasps or interlocking components.
Partial denture prostheses are quickly adapted-to and their fixation is better comparing to complete dentures.
In our clinic dental prosthesis and related service expenses are compensated for the elderly and children under 18 by the Compulsory Health Insurance Fund (CHIF) by order of the Ministry of Health.