Periodontal diseases are inflammatory, rapidly gum, periodontal ligament and tooth-supporting (bone) tissue diseases.
Scientific research shows that almost all people in the world exhibit certain periodontal disease symptoms. Plaque that constantly forms around gingival and dental tissues can cause inflammatory gum disease called gingivitis.
In Lithuania this disease is very common and has reached an epidemic level. Problems develop slowly and most importantly – painlessly, that is why people sometimes go years without noticing.
Periodontal disease symptoms:
● Gums bleed, appear reddened;
● Gums receding or pulling away from the teeth (teeth appear longer visually);
● Change in colour of gums;
● Changes in gum consistency;
● New spaces developing between teeth (due to dissolving bone);
● Loose teeth;
● Teeth sensitive to sweet, sour, cold, hot food;
● Bad breath.
● Improper and insufficient oral hygiene is the main cause of periodontal diseases;
● Bacteria, accumulating in dental plaque, calculus (pathogenic microorganisms).
● The toxins which they produce make a negative impact on gingival tissues, destroy periodontal tissues, which provide support for the teeth on the gums.
● Poor nutrition;
● Smoking, alcohol abuse;
● Hormonal changes during pregnancy, menopause;
● Variety of other diseases also stimulate periodontal disease progression: diabetes, heart vessel diseases, hormonal changes in the organism.
Periodontal treatment and prevention
● Professional oral hygiene;
● Concrement removal (calculus and plaque removal);
● Dental curettage (small surgical procedure during which periodontal pockets are cleaned);
● Tissue regeneration treatment.
● Surgical periodontal disease treatment;
● Surgical dental root lengthening;
● Surgical gum recession treatment;
● Periodontal osseous defect correction (natural or artificial bone replacement).
Doctor-odontologist Alina Barkauskaitė speaks about laser treatment: ‘The results make me very happy. This laser is used both in surgical and non-surgical treatment. The person undergoing laser therapy senses the optical fibre entering his gum pocket. During higher output the laser‘s impulses affect the gum pocket tissue, while in lower output it only affects the microbes located in the pocket.‘